Why vaccinate and fight against parasites?

As has been already mentioned, regular vaccination against infectious diseases and the fight against parasites belong among lifelong challenges of every dog owner. Let's try to explain why this is so important.

 

Infectious diseases

Infectious, or in other words contagious diseases certainly belong among the greatest threats to the dog population. Apart from certain exceptions, they are caused by viruses, which are tiny particles of living matter capable of attacking humans as well as animals and reprogramming their tissues to multiply them. Infected organism of course defends itself against the viruses and the process of this battle is a condition, which we call disease. Fever, runny nose, cough, vomiting, diarrhea ... all of these are the result of the efforts of the immune system to destroy the virus and / or get rid of it. Nevertheless, according to the saying "you've got to crack a few eggs to make an omelet" this entire action may sometimes lead even to self-destruction.

Viral diseases currently cannot be cured, because there have not yet been invented means, which would effectively eliminate them and a the same time have no detrimental effect on the patient's body. The doctor can only prevent the infection from spreading by omnipresent bacteria. Therefore, in case of flu you will not be administered any antibiotics, because they would be useless. They are administered only in case of complications or with chronically ill patients, as a precaution against these complications.

The result of a viral disease depends primarily on the resistance of the patient. Most at risk are young and old, or for various reasons enfeebled individuals. They are also the ones, who despite all the care most frequently die.

The only reliable protection against viruses is vaccination.

It is not always possible to develop a vaccine. However, in case where it is possible, this means a fundamental change of situation, and the disease ceased to be a threat to the vaccinated individuals.

 

What is a vaccine and how does it work?

A vaccine or so called vaccination contains a weakened originator of the illness or at least a part of it. Once it is inserted into the body, it mobilizes defensive forces of the organism and provokes the production of antibodies that are capable of destroying the bacillus. The level of antibodies retains in the body for a certain period of time and then starts to diminish. Therefore it is necessary to perform a re-vaccination in compliance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

Vaccination protects dogs from highly contagious diseases, which often end in deaths. Treatment of sick animals is extremely demanding and expensive, and those animals that survive may still suffer from lifelong effects. Vaccination costs are negligible in comparison to this.

 

How are vaccines administered and what possible reactions are there?

Almost all vaccines are injected under the skin.

Manufacturers do not recommend to disinfect the injection site, because even a tiny amount of disinfection can damage the vaccine. Therefore, antibiotics are added into the vaccine to inactivate any potential infection.

With sensitive animals there can be an overall response spotted in the form of several days long fatigue and food rejection. Sometimes even the body temperature may temporarily increase and the injection site reactions may swell up slightly. Nevertheless, any response should disappear within 3-5 days.

Quite exceptionally a violent allergic reaction may appear in the form of significant edema, breathing difficulties and cardiac collapse. It may occur within 60 minutes after application and the intervention of a veterinarian is essential. Be ready within this period of time to return to the veterinarian office.

 

Dangerous infectious diseases of dogs

 

Rabies

Who become ill All mammals including humans
Source of infection

The saliva of an infected animal that has to get into the wound (bite, scratch)
invection is not transmitted by food, water or air

Symptoms of the
disease
  • Fierce form - hiding in a corner, unrest, howl, snarl, does not recognize the owner
    walking arouned, eating indigestible objects (stones), salivation, pupils are dilated; 
    after 2-3 days temperature starts and the animal starts attacking everyone in its 
    vicinity, ager a fit of rage depression emerges
  • Silent Form - the same, but withnout tantrums of rage and bitting
Prognosis

Mortality 100% for all patients, including humans

Prevention

By law, all dogs must be kept in permanent immunity, i. e., The firts vaccination withing 6
months of age with a re-vaccination dose at intervals of 1-3 years depending on the type of
vaccine used

 

 

... The continuation of the works ...

 

Useful advice

  • All vaccines are intended only for healthy animals. Postpone the vaccination, if you notice that your pet is "out on his own". The vaccination is equally unsuitable in the time just before going on holiday or returning from it, when the animal is tired from traveling. Remember that vaccination triggers hundreds of demanding processes, which fully employs the body.
  • Do not miss the vaccination interval. Delay of several weeks can be tolerated (with the exception of rabies, which is required by law to always keep the vaccination interval). If you come later, your vet will probably suggest you a re-vaccination, so that the necessary level of antibodies, which will protect your pet throughout the year, is acquired.
  • The production of antibodies can be supported by high-quality nutrition rich in proteins, vitamins and micronutrients. The addition of salmon oil has also very good influence.
  • It is advisable to regularly deworm the dog and protect it against fleas and other parasites. The animal also defends itself against these enemies by the production of antibodies, which leads to pumping of part of the "capacity", which should be reserved fighting with infections.
  • Report to your veterinarian any abnormal response to the vaccination. Almost always an intolerance of some of the vaccine components occurs, which can be escalated with repeated dosing and the reaction occurs again and possibly even worse. Your doctor will consider whether it would be better to use a vaccine from different manufacturer, or if prevention allergy medicine should be administered.

 

© This article was taken from website www.mujvet.cz and its publication is subject to prior written approval of Mrs MVDr. Renata Popelářová.

!!! Further distribution of this article is possible only with the consent of Mrs MVDr. Renata Popelářová!!!

Hereby I would like to thank Mrs MVDr. Renata Popelářová for the consent to the publication of her article.

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